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32nd International Conference on Cardiology and Heart Failure, will be organized around the theme “ “Exploring the new heights of excellence in Cardiology and Cardiac Care” ”

Cardiology Meet 2022 is comprised of keynote and speakers sessions on latest cutting edge research designed to offer comprehensive global discussions that address current issues in Cardiology Meet 2022

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Acute coronary syndrome (ACS) is a group of signs and symptoms caused by a decrease in blood flow to the coronary artery, causing part of the heart muscle to stop working or die. The most typical symptom is chest pain that radiates to the left shoulder or jaw angle, is crushing, central, and is accompanied by nausea and perspiration. Many people, notably women, the elderly and diabetic patients, have symptoms other than chest pain.

Acute coronary syndrome is frequently linked with three clinical symptoms termed after the presence of an electrocardiogram (ECG): ST elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI, 30%), non-ST elevation myocardial infarction (NSTEMI, 25%), or unstable angina (38 percent ). There are several different types of acute coronary syndrome that are referred to as myocardial infarction (MI).

 

The only significant risk factor for stroke is hypertension. Almost half of all ischemic and hemorrhagic strokes, as well as cerebral strokes, are caused. The consequences of hypertension are sometimes not recognized until significant damage to the body's blood vessels has occurred.

Increased cardiovascular risk is associated with elevated systolic pressure in people over 60 years old and elevated diastolic pressure in younger people.

• Aneurysm of the kidney artery

• Isolated systolic hypertension

• Dementia

• Sudden cardiac death in sports

• Improving ECG interpretation in athletes

• Personal health

• Exercise stress testing

 

 


An erratic heartbeat is known as a cardiac arrhythmia. When the electrical signals that coordinate the heart's beats don't work properly, heart rhythm disorders emerge. The heart beats too rapidly (tachycardia), too slowly (bradycardia), or irregularly due to improper signaling. Heart arrhythmias can cause a fluttering or racing sensation in the chest and are usually harmless. Some heart rhythms, on the other hand, can create uncomfortable, even life-threatening, signs and symptoms. To manage or eradicate fast, slow, or irregular heartbeats, medicines, catheter procedures, implanted devices, or surgery may be used. A heart-healthy lifestyle can aid in the prevention of cardiac damage that can lead to arrhythmias.



 



It is carried out by cardiothoracic surgeons. It also includes the branch of medicine that deals with the surgical treatment of heart problems. Endocarditis, rheumatic heart disease, and atherosclerosis are some of the causes of valvular heart disease. Cardiac surgery, including heart transplantation, is used. Coronary artery bypass grafting is the most common type of heart surgery for adults, in which a healthy artery or vein from the body is joined, or grafted, to a blocked coronary (heart) artery. Heart surgery is traditionally performed by first opening the chest wall and then operating on the heart. Later methods of heart surgery, on the other hand, include inserting a cardiac device through a small cut between the ribs rather than cutting the chest wall or breastwall.



 


A coronary angiography is a test that determines whether or not a coronary artery is blocked. Coronary angiography and heart catheterization are essential procedures for detecting and quantifying coronary artery disease, identifying valvular and other structural anomalies, and measuring hemodynamic parameters. The risks and consequences connected with these treatments are related to the patient's underlying diseases as well as the operator's expertise and discretion.

Cardiovascular Angiography Indications:

  • Aortic aneurysm and dissection in the thoracic and abdominal arteries
  • Coronary artery disease diagnosis and therapy
  • Aneurysms of the coronary arteries
  • Intermittent claudication and limb-threatening ischemia are symptoms of peripheral vascular disease.
  • Malformations of the blood vessels

 

 

Cardiovascular disease (CVD) is a leading cause of death in many affluent countries and is still one of the most diet-related disorders. Nutrition may have a direct impact on CVD by contributing to the formation of vascular plaques and indirectly by influencing the ageing process. Because global consumption of ultra-processed foods has risen significantly, research must establish that higher consumption of ultra-processed foods is linked to an increased risk of cardiovascular, coronary heart, and cerebrovascular illnesses. A recent study indicated that eating more plant-based meals lowers the chance of heart failure by 40%, while another found that adopting a vegetarian diet lowers the risk of dying from heart disease.

• Dietary Cholesterol Intake

Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease

• Cardiac-gated imaging modalities

• Dietary Atherosclerosis and Hypertension

• Nutrients and their Impact on Cardiovascular Disease

• Dietary Cholesterol Intake

• Obesity and Cardiovascular Disease

• Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

• Chest X-ray

• Three-dimensional myocardial perfusion imaging



 


Cardio metabolic health includes cardiovascular and metabolic diseases in people with type 2 diabetes and metabolic syndrome. Risk factors include being overweight or obese, as well as having high blood pressure that can be controlled with food and lifestyle choices. Obesity is a key contributor to heart disease. This is a hazardous condition in which a person's heart does not pump enough blood to satisfy their body's needs, putting them at risk of heart failure and stroke. One can lower the risk by regulating blood glucose, blood pressure, and cholesterol levels.

•           Metabolic derangements associated with obesity

•           Cardiac complications of diabetes and obesity

•           Endocrinal and Hormonal Obesity

•           Metabolic health

•           Congestive heart failure (CHF)

•           Systemic circulation

•           Hepatojugular reflux

•           Pleural effusion

•           Prognosis

•           Acute decompensation



 



 


Interventional cardiology is a subspecialty of cardiology that deals with non-surgical treatments for treating cardiovascular problems and uses Cather based approaches to treat various structural heart abnormalities. A small, flexible tube called a catheter is frequently used to repair damaged arteries or other heart structural disorders to eliminate the need for surgery. Furthermore, for an acute myocardial infarction, the interventional cardiology procedure serves as the gold standard of care. It entails removing clogs from coronary arteries and inserting stents and balloons through a tiny hole drilled into a main artery. Coronary intervention will continue to be the most common operation performed by interventional cardiologists, resulting in the development of new techniques proportional to population growth in the future decade. Interventional cardiology is predicted to get increased attention as the field of valvular heart disease intervention expands.

  • Procedures in cardiothoracic surgery

  • Catheterization of the heart

  • Interventions in the coronary and valvular systems



 


Cardiac regeneration is a massive endeavor that aims to use cutting-edge research, such as cell-free and stem cell therapy, to restore damaged heart tissue. Some natural reparative methods have been established to rejuvenate damaged heart tissues and their function by the body. Patients and clinicians can work together to identify regenerative solutions that restore their own ability to heal.

• Cardiomyocytes proliferation
• Angiogenesis
• Transcription
• Tissue engineering
• Cardiac regeneration therapy
• Chronic fast heart rate
• Connective tissue abnormalities
• Certain infections, particularly those that inflame the heart

Cardiomyopathy is a heart illness that affects the heart muscle, and some of the most common symptoms are shortness of breath, fatigue, and leg edema due to heart failure. Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy, dilated cardiomyopathy, restricted cardiomyopathy, arrhythmogenic right ventricular dysplasia, and takotsubo cardiomyopathy, often known as broken heart syndrome, are the many kinds of cardiomyopathy.

Hypertrophic cardiomyopathy is a genetic condition in which the heart muscle thickens and enlarges, whereas dilated cardiomyopathy causes the ventricles to weaken and enlarge. Frequently, the cause is unknown. Alcohol, heavy metals, cocaine usage, and viral infections can all cause dilated cardiomyopathy. The ventricles stiffen in restrictive cardiomyopathy, which can be induced by amyloidosis, hemochromatosis, and various cancer treatments.

  • Chronic rapid heart rate
  • Connective tissue disorders
  • Certain infections,  especially that inflame the heart
  • Heart tissue damage from heart attack
  • Cardio myocyte proliferation
  • Angiogenesis
  • Transcription
  • Tissue



 


The cardiac echo created by ultrasound waves creates images of the heart, which is referred to as echocardiography. This is a sort of ultrasound test in which high-pitched sound waves are transmitted through a transducer. The equipment picks up the echoes of sound waves when they interact with various sections of your heart. These echoes produce moving images of your heart that can be viewed on a television screen. It aids in the detection of cardiomyopathies such as hypertrophic and dilated cardiomyopathies, among others.

  • Cardiac-gated imaging techniques

  • Myocardial perfusion imaging

  • Cardiac magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)

  • Chest X-ray

  • Three-dimensional echocardiography

  • Angiocardiography

  • Women with preterm deliveries face Increased heart risk

  • Breathlessness

  • Chest pain



 



 


Cardiovascular engineering is a multidisciplinary field whose goal is to better understand cardiovascular disease and offer more therapeutic approaches. It covers a wide range of issues linked to the cardiovascular system, including its function, illness causes, and the factors that contribute to it, as well as their treatment. The development of diagnostic procedures, medicines, and biomedical tools, all of which have a substantial impact on the care of patients with cardiovascular disorders, is a major focus of cardiovascular engineering research.

 

Sport and exercise cardiology is a branch of medicine related to the exercising individuals and cardiovascular care of athletes which deals with physical fitness and the treatment, prevention of injuries related to sports and exercise by advancing the knowledge through clinical expertise and research. In short term, the risk of adverse events can be associated with the exercise instead of overcoming the favourable long-term effects on well-being. Various problems can be arise for the cardiologists in evaluating the athletes due to adaptations imposed by exercise.



 



 


Cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the main cause of death worldwide, killing 18 million people each year. Disease prevention is an important part of reducing CVD morbidity and mortality around the world, and developments in digital health technologies may make it easier to stick to and use preventative strategies. In the discipline of cardiology, promising digital health solutions have arisen. In the field of diagnostics, AliveCor has demonstrated the ability to collect real-time electrocardiograms via smartphones, while the Apple Watch has proven to be effective in detecting atrial fibrillation. In terms of treatment, the Corrie Health Digital Platform may be able to provide remote cardiac rehabilitation and secondary prevention to myocardial infarction patients. Emerging technologies like virtual reality, artificial intelligence, and machine learning show that digital cardiology has even more room to grow and become more clinically relevant. In the fight against CVD, digital health technologies are becoming increasingly popular.



 


Ischemic heart disease is the most common cause of death in the world. Myocardial infarction causes irreversible cardiomyocyte loss, which leads to heart failure and unfavorable remodeling. An objective of cardiac biology and regenerative medicine is to find fresh sources of cardiomyocytes and promote their development. Many types of putative cardiac stem cells (CSCs) have been identified to heal the wounded heart by differentiating into new cardiomyocytes within the last decade. Some of these CSCs have been successfully transferred from the bench to the bedside, with promising therapeutic results. Recent basic research investigations on stem cell tracing, on the other hand, have begun to cast doubt on their fundamental biology and mechanisms of action, raising major doubts about CSCs' myogenic potential. We examine the evolution of different types of CSCs over the last decade and provide an update on recent cell tracing research that have cast doubt on CSCs' origins and existence. Aside from the potential role.



 



 


A small battery-powered device called an implantable cardioverter-defibrillator (ICD) is implanted in your chest to detect and stop irregular heartbeats (arrhythmias). An ICD continuously monitors your heartbeat and, if necessary, administers electric shocks to restore normal cardiac rhythm.

Types:

An implantable cardioverter defibrillator (ICD) is a type of cardiac treatment device. There are two fundamental types:

  • The wires (leads) of a typical ICD are attached to your heart and implanted in your chest. Invasive surgery is required for the implant procedure.

  • Another alternative is a subcutaneous ICD (S-ICD), which is inserted beneath the skin on the side of the chest, below the armpit. It's connected to an electrode that goes down the centre of your breastbone. S-ICDs are larger than standard ICDs, but they are not attached to your heart.



 


Robotic heart surgery is a minimally invasive technique to heart surgery that employs robotic devices, small cameras, and precision instruments to gain access to the heart without requiring a major incision or a cut through the breastbone. Traditional cardiac surgery necessitates surgeons opening into the chest to have access to the heart. This method necessitates a huge incision and causes a lot of unintentional harm to the chest by cutting through the breast bone and opening up the rib cage.

Surgeons don't have to cut through the breastbone when using a robotic technique. Instead, we use small incisions between the ribs to insert tools. This lowers the danger of infections and blood loss after surgery, decreases scarring, necessitates shorter hospital stays, and allows for a much speedier return to normal daily activities. Because they are not recovering, patients also experience significantly less discomfort during their rehabilitation.



 


Autoimmune diseases (AD) are a group of chronic illnesses that affect one or more organs or systems and have a major impact on one's quality of life. Genetic and epigenetic variables, gender discrepancy, environmental triggers, pathophysiological anomalies, and particular sub phenotypes are all common processes in these diseases. Atherosclerosis (AT) was once thought to be a degenerative illness that came with the passage of time. However, research conducted over the previous three decades has revealed that AT is neither degenerative nor unavoidable. It's an autoimmune-inflammatory illness linked to viral and inflammatory causes, defined by changes in lipoprotein metabolism that trigger immune system activation, resulting in smooth muscle cell proliferation, constriction of arteries, and atheroma formation. It's been suggested that both humoral and cellular immunological processes have a role in the onset and progression of AT. A number of risk variables, referred to as traditional risk factors, have been identified.



 


Pacemakers, implantable cardioverter defibrillators (ICDs), biventricular pacemakers, and cardiac loop recorders are examples of cardiac implantable electronic devices that are used to control or monitor irregular heartbeats in persons with specific heart rhythm problems and heart failure. Cardiac devices are used to treat irregular heartbeats and heart rhythm abnormalities that are caused by the heart's electrical system. An implanted device may be advised if medicine, lifestyle changes, or other treatments do not work. Long-term use of cardiac devices may be beneficial for some heart problems.



 


Cardiac nursing is a subset of nursing that focuses on individuals with specific cardiovascular problems. Under the supervision of a cardiologist, cardiac nurses assist in the treatment and management of disorders such as unstable angina, cardiomyopathy, Coronary Artery Disease, Congestive Heart Failure, myocardial infarction, and cardiac arrhythmia. Cardiac nurses are responsible for post-operative care on surgical units, stress test evaluations, cardiac monitoring, vascular monitoring, and health assessments.

Cardiac Nursing Types:

• Paediatric cardiac nursing

• Cardiovascular nursing

Paediatric cardiac nursing

• Cardiovascular nursing

• Cardiac assessment nursing

Cardiac surgery nursing

• Telemetry care

• Electrophysiology