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European Heart Congress , will be organized around the theme “Renovation to Modulate the pulse that beats for your life”

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Heart disease is generally described as that heart is not in normal condition. A person suffering from heart disease falls sick & symptoms generally appear. The general symptoms found in a person who is suffering with heart disease are

•     Chest pain caused due to lack of blood flow to heart muscles

•     Palpitations

•     Weakness caused due to lack of oxygen supply

•     Cyanosis a condition where skin turns blue colour due to lack of oxygen in bloodstream to supply to the cells 

Coronary illness is commonly depicted as that heart isn't Normal. An individual experiencing coronary illness and do indicate manifestations. The general indications found in an individual who is enduring with coronary illness are

  • Chest torment Due to absence of blood stream to heart muscles
  • Trouble in breathing Due to palpitations
  • Weakness-Due to absence of oxygen supply
  •  Cyanosis-Skin turns blue shading because of absence of oxygen in circulation system to supply to the cells

Coronary Artery Disease (CAD) is the most widely recognized coronary illness issue. It is the blockages in coronary arteries - the vessels that supply blood to your heart. That can prompt a blood flow in the stream of blood to your heart muscle, shielding it from getting the oxygen it needs. The sickness more often than not bring about solidifying of the courses a condition once in a while called atherosclerosis

Heart produces electrical signs travel through the heart's four chambers – two articles on the top called the atria and two beneath them, the two ventricles. These signs prompts it to beat in a consistent rythym. This makes a condition called as arrhythmias, or strange pulses.
 

  • Track 1-11.1 Rheumatic heart disease
  • Track 1-21.2 Valvular heart disease
  • Track 1-31.3 Cerebrovascular heart disease
  • Track 1-41.4 Inflammatory heart disease

Cardiac arrest or heart failure is a sudden loss of blood flow resulting from the failure of the heart to effectively pump. Heart Failure is also referred as Congestive heart failure (CHF). Narrowed arteries in heart or hypertension, weakens the heart or makes it stiff to fill and pump efficiently which leads to heart failure

The symptoms include:

  • Shortness of breath
  • Excessive tiredness
  • Chest pain
  • Angina

Heart failure treatments can improve the signs and symptoms of heart failure and help you live longer.

2.1 High-Output Heart Failure

2.2 Right-Side Heart Failure

2.3 Diastolic Heart Failure

2.4 Systolic Heart Failure

 

  • Track 2-12.1 High-Output Heart Failure
  • Track 2-22.2 Right-Side Heart Failure
  • Track 2-32.3 Diastolic Heart Failure
  • Track 2-42.4 Systolic Heart Failure

Atherosclerosis is usually defined as hardening and narrowing of the arteries due to build-up of plaque it silently and slowly blocks arteries, putting blood flow at risk.

It causes heart attacks, strokes, and peripheral vascular diseases which together are called cardiovascular disease.

·Carotid arteries
Coronary arteries

 

  • Track 3-13.2 Coronary arteries
  • Track 3-23.1 Carotid arteries

Cardiovascular diseases (CVDs) includes group of disorders of the heart and blood vessels and they include:

Coronary heart disease where the of the blood vessels supplying the heart muscle;

Cerebrovascular disease includes the disease of the blood vessels supplying the brain;

Peripheral arterial disease includes the disease of blood vessels supplying the arms and legs;

Rheumatic heart disease includes the damage to the heart muscle and heart valves from rheumatic fever, caused by streptococcal bacteria;

Congenital Heart Disease includes the malformations of heart structure existing at birth;

Deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism includes the blood clots in the leg veins, which can dislodge and move to the heart and lungs.

Hypertension, which is defined as high blood pressure, it is one of the most common medical problems. Hypertension does not usually show any symptoms, and it is not usually diagnosed in the early stages. It is one of the important causes of heart attack, stroke, kidney disease, and other serious medical problems.

However hypertension is so common and consequential, it is important for everyone to have their blood pressure checked periodically. Prehypertension describes blood pressure that is higher than the desirable range, but not high enough to be labelled hypertension which would be 120/80mmhg

5.1 Malignant Hypertension
5.2 Primary Hypertension

5.3 Secondary Hypertension

Pediatric Cardiology is a branch of Pediatrics that deals with heart and heart related disorders of children/Pediatrics. Basically heart is the first internal organ formed from the cells of the Inner Cell Mass (ICM) or epiblast of the blastocyst in early embryogenesis. The role of Pediatric cardiologists includes medical diagnosis and treatment of congenital heart defects, coronary artery diseases, heart failures, valvular heart diseases and electrophysiology in children/Pediatrics.  A medical practitioner who specializes in this field of Pediatric cardiology is Pediatric cardiologist.

  Pediatric Oncology

  Pediatric Cardiac Tumors

  Pediatric Kawasaki Disease

  Pediatric Atherosclerosis

  Tetralogy Of Fallot In Infants

  Pediatric Pericarditis

  Rheumatic heart disease

  Pediatric Aortic Stenosis

  Pediatric Pulmonary Atresia

  • Interventional cardiology is a special branch of cardiology that deals specifically with the catheter based treatment of structural heart diseases. An interventional cardiologist is the one who have an extra experience of one to two years of additional education and training in diagnosing and treating cardiovascular disease as well as congenital and structural heart conditions through catheter-based procedures, such as angioplasty and stenting

    A large number of procedures are been performed on the heart by catheterization method. This most commonly & widely used techniques involves the insertion of a sheath into the femoral artery and in practice, any large peripheral artery or vein and cannulating the heart under X-ray visualization which would be most commonly fluoroscopy. The radial artery is technique which may also be used for cannulation

    1. Invasive Cardiology
    2. Non-Invasive Cardiology


    Interventional cardiology treats many conditions like:

    Coronary artery disease: It occurs due to a narrowing of the arteries which supply the heart muscle with blood and oxygen.

    Heart valve disease: It occurs when the valves which control blood flow into the heart’s chambers are not working correctly.

    Peripheral vascular disease: Heart can also be affected by other veins and arteries which are in other parts of your body & causes clogged or hardened veins and arteries which are in other parts of your body.

    An interventional cardiologist is the one who have experience in one to two years of additional education and training in diagnosing and treating cardiovascular disease

Molecular cardiology is a newly developed technological method in the field of cardiology that aims to administer molecular biological techniques for the mechanistic investigation, diagnosis, prevention, and treatment of cardiovascular & heart diseases.

This innovation has changed our theoretical thinking of cardiovascular development, disease etiology, and pathophysiology. Although molecular cardiology is still at a very early stage, it has opened a assuring pathway for understanding and controlling cardiovascular disease. A great interest of the laboratory is the description of novel circulating factors that regulate cardiac biology, including aging and hypertrophy

Cardiometabolic Health and Diabetes:

Cardiometabolic compliactions can cause many diseases where a wide spectrum of different factors including lifestyles, diets, living environments, & related genetic factors.  Genetic factors may include hypertension, Diabetics etc. Cardiometabolic compliactions if unrecognised leads to cardiometabolic risk where you are prone to have diabetes, heart diseases & stroke.

 People suffering with mental illness have high rates of diabetes risks which may lead to many health problems including heart diseases. It is essential to determine your risk level & knowing how to decrease your risk & help you live a longer & healthier life.

Diabetes mellitus is caused due to the metabolic disorders where the blood sugar level rises for a prolonged period of time. The symptoms of high blood sugar include frequent urination, increased thirst & weight gain. If left untreated, diabetes can cause serious issues.

Acute complications include hyperosmolar hyperglycemic state, ketoacidosis or death

Cardiac oncology is also called as cardiovascular oncology is a field of medicine by where molecular & clinical modifications in cardiovascular system during the treatment of cancer due to chemo & target therapy.

Cardiovascular complications that are occurring due to cancer & its treatment have become a major clinical issue which may lead to acute complications during therapy which may limit the effectiveness of cancer treatment

Heart attack in women is prevalent heart disease & the symptoms are usually includes pain, pressure or discomfort in the chest. However it is not always in considerate or even the most prominent symptoms. Women may even have heart attack without any manifestations & chest pain. Women are more prone to heart attack when compared to men & more likely to have symptoms unrelated to chest pain, such as:

  •     Shortness of breath
  •     Pain in arms
  •     Nausea & vomiting
  •     Sweating
  •     Unusal fatigue
  •     Neck, jaw, upper back, shoulder & abdominal discomfort
     

Cardiology Conferences focuses on the current research in cardiology where the new innovative methods that are emerging in the field of cardiology. It gives a brief explanation on   Interventional cardiology, Cardiac Nursing, Thrombolytic therapy and Cardiac rehabilitation. There are many associations and societies related to General Cardiology, Interventional cardiology, Pediatric cardiology etc., in USA

The objective of the Sports Cardiology is to work with the athletes along the spectrum competitive exercisers, professional athletes to weekend warriors to help them achieve these goals.

Sudden cardiac arrest (SCA) is the one of the main reasons of death in exercising young athletes, and is generally set off by problems such as structural heart disorders or electrical circuitry issues which are not generally found during routine physical examinations. Most of the conditions that cause sudden cardiac death in young athletes are determined by an electrocardiogram (ECG or EKG), a non-invasive test which calculates the electrical activity of the heart

Cardiovascular Pharmacology is the study of drug action which exerts either a biochemical or physiological effect on the tissue, cell, organ or organism. The interactions affect normal or abnormal biochemical function.

Cardiovascular group is currently working on the relation between salt intake & obesity relating to blood pressure control mechanism they use state of art molecular, integrative approaches & cellular to study vascular functions & neural control of blood pressure.  The main aim of this research is to identify new drugs that can be used to treat high blood pressure & its consequences which may leads to stroke

The major group of drugs which are used to treat cardiovascular medicine are:

  • Anticoagulants
  • Antiplatelet Agents and Dual Antiplatelet Therapy
  • ACE Inhibitors
  • Angiotensin II Receptor Blockers
  • Angiotensin-Receptor Neprilysin Inhibitors
  • Beta Blockers
  • Calcium Channel Blockers
  • Cholesterol-lowering medications
  • Digitalis Preparations
  • Diuretics
  • Vasodilators

Diagnosis is a process of determining a physical examination, medical history, with patient family or both. The heart can be generally diagnosed by various methods such as electrophysiology, angiography, radiography etc.  If a patient is diagnosed with heart disease then he/she should be provided with critical medical care. The precautions to be taken along with the treatment are Stress reduction, control in diet, lifestyle changes are can prevent heart diseases.

Some of the diagnostic tests which are majorly used to detect heart diseases are:

  •   Electrocardiogram (ECG)
  •  Cardiac Computerized Tomography(CT) scan
  •  Chest X ray
  • Cardiac Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI)
  • Echocardiography
     

Cardiac nursing is a branch of speciality that works & takes care of patients who suffer from various heart diseases & cardio vascular diseases. Cardiac nurses guide to treat various conditions such as unstable angina, coronary artery disease, myocardial infraction, cardiomyopathy, cardiac dysrhythmia under the guidance of a cardiologist. They do perform post-operative care on stress test evaluations, cardiac & vascular monitoring, and surgical unit

Veterinary Cardiologists deals with the study of heart diseases in animals, Consultants proficiency combines research, education, and clinical practice to provide innovative and scientifically based treatments for cardiac and thoracic disease & treat animals
 

The cases will usually focus on one central topic although a particular case will often touch on several fields in cardiology and illustrate a number of issues or guidelines.  

Since the determination is an education in general cardiology, case scenarios should not deal with very rare situations. Exceptional case reports should be avoided and rather submitted to specific ESC associations or working groups
 

Renovascular hypertension (RVHT) mirrors the causal connection between anatomically obvious blood vessel occlusive malady and raised pulse. The concurrence of renal blood vessel vascular sickness and hypertension generally characterizes this kind of trivial hypertension. Increasingly explicit analyses are made reflectively when hypertension improves after intravascular intercession. At present, no adequately precise, non-intrusive, radiologic, or serologic screening test is accessible that, if negative, totally rejects the nearness of renal supply route stenosis (RAS).

This session for the most part represents the varying causes and manifestations of reno vascular hypertension, close by of its obsessive procedure, analysis and treatment. Over weight is hazardous mostly because of the patients typically don't aptitude the manifestations, in this way organ damage will happen gradually while not being perceived. Changed methods are created to analyze Renal organ hypertension exploitation computerized picture procedure of radiographs

 

Clinical Cardiology incorporates thinks about apply to cardiovascular ailments viz., innate heart infections, coronary supply route ailment, heart disappointment, cardiovascular coronary illness, and their the study of disease transmission and pathophysiology of the heart. The remedial methodology including determination and the executives of heart ailments like electrophysiology, cardiovascular gadgets, heart recovery, cardiovascular drug, cardiovascular medical procedure, and recognizable proof of hazard factors for cardiovascular illnesses

Undifferentiated organism Research an imaginative remedial methodology towards cardiology where the utilization of cell treatment to balance turn around ventricular rebuilding, the substrate of heart disappointment and arrhythmias following myocardial localized necrosis. Worthwhile cell tissue recovery consolidates a complex cell and atomic approach setting that incorporates immature microorganism uniting and separation, discharge of calming and angiogenic go betweens, and expansion of endogenous cardiovascular foundational microorganisms. The present helpful methodologies include fat determined foundational microorganisms, heart-inferred undifferentiated organisms, bone marrow-inferred mononuclear cells and mesenchymal immature microorganisms, and mixes of cells. Clinical preliminaries utilizing mesenchymal foundational microorganisms and cardiovascular determined undifferentiated organisms have been appeared to be powerful in diminishing infarct estimate and improving the contractility of local dividers.

Regenerative drug and foundational microorganism look into can possibly change the treatment of cardiovascular malady. Most recent research finds that it helps in fix of heart muscle harm and offer clinical choices for the a large number of Americans who are brought into the world with or create coronary illness.

For example, the heart has a restricted capacity to recover harmed tissue after a heart assault. Current medication treatments moderate the movement of heart disappointment however are not healing and heart transplants must be offered to a very set number of patients. Research personnel have concentrated their exploration on distinguishing and understanding the cardiovascular foundational microorganisms and recognition the procedures by which they transform into heart cells with the expectations of creating cell swap treatments for recovering heart muscle and the requirement for transplantation.

Cardiovascular immature microorganisms likewise can possibly separate into every one of the cells that make up the heart, including heart muscle cells, smooth muscle cells and endothelial cells

Geriatric Cardiology is the part of cardiology that reviews the cardiovascular issue in elderly individuals and it is likewise called as Cardio-Geriatrics. Typically older individuals are affected with cardiovascular scatters, for example, myocardial infraction, cardiomyopathy, heart failure, arrhythmias, coronary heart ailments and other vascular disarranges like atherosclerosis which prompts critical grimness and mortality in old individuals

 

\r\n Since a pacemaker just directs low-vitality motivations, it isn't intended for times when an individual starts to encounter ventricular fibrillation, a condition where the heart shudders instead of thumps. It is likewise feasible for a pacemaker to glitch, neglecting to convey the lifesaving mediation. Nonetheless, every AED guidance pack will say not to utilize an AED on an individual with a pacemaker.

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\r\n Outer defibrillation may in any case be essential for an individual with a pacemaker. On the off chance that the embedded pacemaker conveys a low-vitality stun while you are endeavoring to utilize an AED or another defibrillator, you just hang tight for 30 to 60 seconds for the pacemaker to finish its treatment cycle before managing the stun. While it is conceivable that the vitality from an outer defibrillator, AED or something else, may harm the pacemaker, these gadgets are intended to withstand outside defibrillation. 

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  • \r\n Implantable Cardioverter Defibrillator
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  • \r\n Cardioverter-Defibrillator
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